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Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations

Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations: Quantitative aptitude is an important part of many competitive exams in India. It tests a candidate's mathematical ability through numerical problems on topics like averages, percentages, ratios, time and work, profit and loss, simple and compound interest, and more. Mastering quantitative aptitude requires a combination of conceptual clarity and problem-solving skills.

Many candidates find quant difficult due to the complexity of concepts and lack of awareness about helpful tricks and shortcuts. However, with the right guidance and practice, solving quant questions can become easy.

Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations

Understand the Fundamentals of Each Topic

Before jumping into shortcuts, ensure you have clarity on the basic concepts and formulae for each quant topic. For percentages, know what is the base value, change percentage, and how to calculate the percentage increase or decrease. Similarly, learn the fundamental rules for other topics like ratios, averages, mixtures and allegations, number systems, mensuration etc.

Look Out for Repeating Patterns in Questions

Quant questions often follow certain patterns and structures. Spotting these can make it faster to solve. For example, percentage questions will involve a principal value, rate of percentage, and asking you to find the percentage amount. Ratios will give you 2 or 3 values and ask you to determine the missing value. Identifying the pattern quickly is key.

Learn and Apply Short Tricks for Calculation

There are several shortcuts that can help you perform complex mathematical operations mentally. Squares, cubes, square roots, cube roots, divisibility rules etc. have handy tricks to find the results faster. Regular practice can help internalize these tricks.

Break Down Complex Questions Step-By-Step

Multi-step quant questions can be challenging to solve directly. Always break them down into smaller parts and solve each step individually. This simplifies the problem and makes it less error-prone.

Double Check Your Final Answer

Mistakes can happen while solving lengthy quant problems with multiple stages. Make it a habit to re-verify your final answer against the initial data given in the question. This helps catch any silly errors.

With regular practice using these strategies, you can master quantitative aptitude for exams like SSC, Bank PO, CAT, GMAT, GRE etc. Remember, quant is all about building speed and accuracy - so keep honing your skills.


Quantitative aptitude is a critical component of competitive exams. By understanding the core concepts, learning shortcuts and tricks, breaking down complex questions, and double checking answers, one can become adept at solving quant problems accurately and quickly. Consistent practice is key to master this domain and score high in exams.


Q1: How can I improve my quant aptitude skills?

A1: Practice regularly, learn shortcuts and tricks, understand concepts in-depth, attempt mocks, analyze your errors and work on weak areas. This will help improve your quant aptitude over time.

Q2: Which topics are most important for quant section?

A2: Percentages, ratios, averages, time & work, simple and compound interest, profit & loss, mensuration, numbers. Focus more on these topics.

Q3: How much time should I dedicate for quant preparation?

A3: Ideally spend at least 1-2 hrs daily for quant practice. Increase it as exam nears. Allocate time for concept revision, question solving and analyzing errors.

Q4: What is the best strategy to solve quant problems accurately?

A4: Understand the problem first. Break it into smaller parts if needed. Apply suitable concepts, tricks and calculate methodically. Re-verify final answer.

Q5: How can I solve lengthy quant questions involving multiple steps?

A5: Break them into smaller parts and solve one step at a time instead of getting overwhelmed. This will simplify the problem.

Q6: Which book is best for quant preparation?

A6: RS Aggarwal, NDA and NA R.S. Agarwal, Fast Track Objective Arithmetic, Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations by Abhijit Guha are some good books.


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