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Free Laptop Distribution Scheme in India || 12th Pass Students

The government of India has implemented various schemes over the years aimed at improving education and supporting students from disadvantaged backgrounds. One such initiative is the free laptop distribution program, which provides free laptops to meritorious students from low-income families. This article provides an overview of these state-specific schemes, their benefits, eligibility criteria, application process, and significance.

Free Laptop Distribution Scheme in India 12th Pass Students

Objectives Behind Free Laptop Schemes

Digital literacy and access to technology are crucial for students today to excel in their academics and careers. However, many students can't afford personal computers due to financial constraints. The free laptop schemes aim to bridge this digital divide by:

  • Making modern education tools available to all students regardless of their economic status
  • Motivating students to aim higher and continue their education
  • Promoting computer literacy and enhancing opportunities for learning and skills development
  • Empowering girls and students from disadvantaged communities
  • Reducing school dropout rates, especially in higher classes (9th onwards)

These initiatives align with the state and central government's larger goals of promoting digital inclusion, improving education standards, and enabling access to information and knowledge.

Key Features of State Free Laptop Schemes

While the broad objectives are similar, the specific eligibility criteria and implementation mechanisms vary across different state programs:

State Key Features
Uttar Pradesh - Laptops provided to all students who pass Class 12
Punjab - Only girl students who pass Class 12 are eligible
Himachal Pradesh - Laptops for students who score over 70% marks in Class 12
Gujarat - Scheme open to SC/ST students of Std 11 and 12 with over 70% marks
Tamil Nadu - Only students studying in govt. schools are eligible

Some schemes also place priority on students from BPL families. The minimum eligibility marks also vary from 60% to 80% across different states. Students meeting the criteria can apply as per the process stipulated to receive free laptops.

Benefits of Free Laptop Scheme

The free laptop schemes provide the following benefits to meritorious students from economically weaker sections:

  • Gain access to a personal computer and the internet
  • Pursue computer-based education through digital content, online classes etc.
  • Develop essential digital skills and computer proficiency
  • Enhances opportunities for research, knowledge expansion beyond textbooks
  • Better equipped for computer-based exams like JEE, NEET, CAT
  • Bridge the digital divide and level the playing field
  • Gain confidence and motivation to continue higher education

For many students, this is the first time they receive a personal computing device. It opens up their world to new sources of information, education, and skills. Students can learn at their own pace, supplement school learning, and access quality preparation material for competitive exams. Computer literacy enhances their employability also.

Application Process

Students who meet the eligibility criteria can apply to obtain laptops by following the steps below:

  1. Check the official state education department website for scheme details, eligibility, and application process.
  2. Download the prescribed application form available online or obtain from relevant authorities like school.
  3. Fill the form with all required details like name,contact, address, school details, marks obtained etc.
  4. Attach photocopies of relevant documents as per requirements like identity/age proof, income certificare, qualifying exam marksheet etc.
  5. Submit the completed form along with documents to the nodal department as per procedure before the last date.
  6. Shortlisted applicants are informed via post/email/notice board after verification.
  7. Students can collect the free laptops from the designated distribution centres.

The application period is usually after the board exam results. Students must apply within the stipulated time and ensure they meet all eligibility criteria to benefit from the scheme.

Execution Challenges

Effective implementation of the free laptop scheme faces some key challenges:

  • Ensuring timely procurement and distribution across the large number of beneficiaries.
  • Verification of original documents and eligibility of applicants is a tedious process.
  • Monitoring proper utilization of laptops for education purposes and not diversion for other uses.
  • Complaint redressal regarding technical issues, damage etc. faced by students.
  • Budget constraints to provide free laptops to all eligible applicants.
  • Preventing corruption, political interference in the distribution process.

The state governments have set up dedicated project monitoring units and helpline numbers for grievance redressal. The scale of these schemes also makes it difficult to track long-term impact and usage monitoring. But overall, structured implementation has allowed millions of students to benefit.

Significance of Free Laptop Schemes

The free laptop distribution schemes are an important step towards digital inclusion and strengthening the education system. Some key impacts include:

  • Bridging the digital divide by providing access to those who cannot afford computers
  • Mainstreaming IT education and enhancing computer literacy
  • Motivating students from disadvantaged sections to complete schooling
  • Higher enrolment in higher education/professional courses
  • Exposure to digital learning and new skills acquisition
  • Narrowing urban-rural and gender digital gap
  • Boosting employment potential and workplace readiness

The schemes have also garnered political support due to their populist nature. While there are gaps in implementation, the initiatives have helped lakhs of students gain access to technology.


The free laptop distribution schemes for meritorious students reflect India's policy commitment to education reforms and digital empowerment. Wider and more inclusive criteria can further strengthen these programs. But they have already created a foundation for the youth to participate in the digital economy and enhance their employment prospects.


Q1: Who is eligible for free laptop schemes in India?

A1: The eligibility criteria varies across different states. But generally, schemes target meritorious students from disadvantaged backgrounds who score above 60-80% marks in 10th or 12th standard board exams.

Q2: What is the application procedure for free laptop schemes?

A2: Students have to apply offline through prescribed application forms available online or from nodal departments. Relevant academic and income documents are also required.

Q3: What are some state governments offering free laptops?

A3: Major states with free laptop schemes include Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan among others.

Q4: Can students buy laptops on their own under the scheme?

A4: No, students cannot purchase laptops independently. The scheme guidelines require them to collect the pre-configured laptops from designated distribution centers.

Q5: Is the free laptop scheme applicable across all education boards?

A5: Yes, the scheme is universally applicable to students from state, ICSE, CBSE and other recognized boards.

Q6: Can discontinued/dropout students also apply for laptops?

A6: No, only regularly enrolled students who have cleared the qualifying exams can apply under the ongoing scheme.


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